Topic: Hōri Kingi Tūpaea (c1805-1881)

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Hōri Kingi Tūpaea was the principal chief of Tauranga's Ngāi Te Rangi iwi. He lived at Ōtūmoetai Pā. In 1831 he destroyed Haramiti's hostile expedition at Mōtītī Island. Story by Debbie McCauley (2013).

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In the late 1820s Hōri Tūpaea sold an eighty foot waka (canoe) to trader Philip Tapsell (1777-1873) in exchange for four muskets.

Tūpaea is believed to have lived in the upper part of Ōtūmoetai Pā above the Catholic Mission Station and trader James Farrow's land. Tūpaea was one of those responsible for donating land for the Ōtūmoetai Catholic Mission and selling land to James Farrow. 

Hori Kingi Tupaea (c1800-1881)

Watercolour painting of Hōri Tūpaea in c1864 by Horatio Gordon Robley, from the album of Henry Harpur Greer. Digital image donated to Tauranga City Libraries in 2003 by Mike Dottridge (great, great grandson of Colonel Greer). Original painting donated to Alexander Turnbull Library

In 1830 Tūpaea built a pa at Te Tumu (halfway between Maketū and Tauranga) so he could be nearer to the flax-growing areas and Philip Tapsell's Maketū trading station.

Cowan writes about events that happened after one of the battles at Te Tumu with Arawa and Ngāpuhi:

After one of the battles along the beach with the Ngai-te-Rangi tribe, the Maketu warriors captured a pet dog belonging to Tupaea of Te Tumu. Its white hair had been clipped in patterns resembling the tattoo on a warrior's face and body. This poor animal they roasted alive, as a token of their enmity to its owner (p. 95).

Tūpaea died on Rangiwaea Island in Tauranga on 26 January 1881. He was buried on the island and a monument to him placed on his gravesite.

 

References:

Boast, R. P. (2000). Confiscation and Regrant: Matakana, Rangiwaea, Motiti and Tuhua: Raupatu and related issues. A report to the Waitangi Tribunal (p. 6).

Cowan, James (1935). A Trader in Cannibal Land (pp. 70, 74, 95).

Dottridge, Mike Colonel Henry Harpur Greer (great, great grandson of Greer). 

Matheson, Alister Hori Kingi Tupaea (Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand).

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Hōri Kingi Tūpaea (c1805-1881)


Year:c.1880
First Names:Hōri Kingi
Last Name:Tūpaea
Date of Birth:c1805
Place of Birth:Tauranga
Country of birth:New Zealand
Date of death:26 January 1881
Place of death:Rangiwaea Island
Place of burial:Rangiwaea Island
Occupation:Ngāi Te Rangi chief, mission teacher, and assessor
Spouses name:Te Pakowhai
Fathers name:Te Waru
Mothers name:Hine Te Oro
Name of the children:Hamiora Tūpaea and Akuhata Tūpaea