Topic: Hori Kingi Tupaea (c1800-1881)
Tupaea was principal chief of Tauranga's Ngāi Te Rangi iwi. He lived at Otumoetai Pā. In 1831 he destroyed Haramiti's hostile expedition at Motiti Island. Story by Debbie McCauley (2013).
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In the late 1820s Hori Tupaea sold an eighty foot waka (canoe) to Philip Tapsell (1777-1873) in exchange for four muskets.
Tupaea is believed to have lived in the upper part of the Otumoetai Pā above the Catholic mission and trader James Farrow's land. Tupaea was one of those responsible for donating land for Otumoetai's Catholic mission and selling land to trader James Farrow.
Painting of Hori Tupaea. Image acknowledgement Mike Dottridge. Digital copy of painting of Maori chief Hori Tupaea donated to Tauranga City Libraries by a descendent of Colonel Greer in 2003.
In 1830 Tupaea built a pa at Te Tumu (halfway between Maketu and Tauranga) so he could be nearer to the flax-growing areas and closer to trader Philip Tapsell's trading station at Maketu.
Cowan writes about events that happened after a battle at Te Tumu with Arawa and Ngapuhi:
After one of the battles along the beach with the Ngai-te-Rangi tribe, the Makeut warriors captured a pet dog belonging to Tupaea of Te Tumu. Its white hair had been clipped in patterns resembling the tattoo on a warrior's face and body. This poor animal they roasted alive, as a token of their enmity to its owner (p. 95).
Tupaea died on Rangiwaea Island in Tauranga on 26 January 1881 and was buried there where a monument can be seen to him.
Cowan, James (1935). A Trader in Cannibal Land (pp. 70, 74, 95).
Dottridge, Mike Colonel Henry Harpur Greer (great, great grandson of Greer).
Matheson, Alister Hori Kingi Tupaea (Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand).
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