Topic: Sarah Hart (nee Culley) (1806-1880)

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Sarah Hart (nee Culley) was pregnant with her second child when her husband committed a burglary and went on the run for eighteen months before being caught and sentenced to seven years aboard a prison hulk. She managed to keep herself and her two children alive during this time. The family arrived in New Zealand on board the 'Tyne' in 1841. Sarah was my fourth great grandmother - Debbie McCauley (2013).

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Sarah Culley was born in 1806 to William and Margaret Culley (nee Corne) who married in East Farleigh, Kent, England, on 7 April 1792. Sarah was baptised in Bearstead, Kent, England, on 12 October 1806.

On 24 August 1823 Sarah married bricklayer Edward Hart at St Mary's Church, Thornham [Thurnham], Kent, England. Their first child was born in 1823 and Sarah was pregnant with their second in 1825 when Edward commited a burglery and then spent the following eighteen months on the run. How Sarah coped during this period is a mystery, but she must have been a very strong character. Edward was eventually caught and convicted on 16 August 1827. He was sentenced to seven years aboard a prison hulk so Sarah and the children just had to carry on somehow without him. 

After Edward's release, he returned to his wife and children. The Hart family arrived in Wellington, New Zealand, aboard the Tyne on 9 August 1841.

The children of Edward and Sarah Hart:

  1. Sarah Hart (1823-?). Born in 1823, Sarah was baptised on 5 September 1823. She was a sempstress, aged 18 when the family arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the Tyne on 9 August 1841.
  2. Edward Hart (1825-?). Born in 1825, Edward was baptised on 17 April 1825. He was a labourer, aged 14 when the family arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the Tyne on 9 August 1841. Edward married Nga Kaha in the Native Church Te Awahou in the Manawatu on 11 March 1853 (reg. 1853/1014).
  3. Ellen Hart (1832-1929). Born in Maidstone, Kent, England, in 1832. She was aged 9 when the family arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the Tyne on 9 August 1841. Ellen married Edward Birkett in Wellington on 5 December 1853. She died, aged 97, on 29 August 1929 (reg. 1929/7530).
  4. William Hart (1834-1835). Born in 1834, William was baptised in Thornham, Kent, England on 26 October 1834. He died the following year and was buried in Thurnham on 4 October 1835.
  5. Eliza Hart (1846-1914). Eliza was born in Wellington on 30 March 1846. She married John Wallis at the private residence of Joshua Smith in Wellington on 13 January 1863 (reg. 1863/7832). She moved to Christchurch in the 1870s. Eliza was active on the National Council of Women and the Vote for Women. Her signature appears directly under Kate Sheppard's on the first page of the petition, both of Riccarton, Christchurch.
  6. Rose Hart (1847-?). Rose was born in Wellington in 1847. She married James Smith on 29 October 1873.

Sarah died in Wellington, aged 74, on 12 March 1880 (reg. 1880/5042). Her death notice appeared in the Evening Post: HART. – On the 12th March, at her late residence, Alma Lane, off Tory-street, Sarah Cully, the beloved wife of Edward Hart, aged 74 years (Evening Post, 13 March 1880, p. 2). She was buried in Bolton Street Cemetery, Wellington, on 15 March 1880 (Plot: 127.R).

Edward died in Wellington, aged 82, on 23 November 1884 (reg. 1884/4547). On 24 November 1884 the Evening Post reported that: An octogenarian named Edward Hart, who has resided in Wellington for exactly half of his long life, died yesterday at his residence in Tory-street. (Evening Post, 24 November 1884, p. 2). Edward was buried with Sarah in Bolton Street Cemetery on 26 November 1884.



Baptism: Edward Hart (1825).

Baptism: William Hart (1834).

Births, Deaths and Marriages Online (New Zealand).

Burial Record: William Hart (1835).

Death Certificate: Sarah Hart (1880).

Evening Post (1880 & 1884).

Frances Moss : second great granddaughter of Sarah Hart (nee Culley) and great granddaughter of Eliza Wallis (nee Hart)  (personal communication, 17 April 2013).

Marriage Entry: Edward Hart and Sarah Culley (1823).

Tyne Passenger List (1841).

Wellington Cemetery Records Online: Edward Hart (1884).

Wellington Cemetery Records Online: Sarah Hart (1880).

Will: Edward Hart


This page was archived at perma cc February 2017

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Sarah Hart (nee Culley) (1806-1880)

First Names:Sarah
Last Name:Culley
Date of Birth:1806
Place of Birth:Bearstead, Kent
Country of birth:England
Date of death:12 March 1880
Place of death:Wellington, New Zealand
Place of burial:Bolton Street Cemetery, Wellington
First settled:Wellington
Date of Arrival:9 August 1841
Name of the ship:Tyne
Date of sailing:25 March 1841
Port of arrival:Wellington
Sailed from:London
Spouses name:Edward Hart
Spouses date of birth:c1802
Spouses place of birth:England
Spouses date of death:23 November 1884
Spouses place of death:Tory Street, Wellington, New Zealand
Spouses place of burial:Bolton Street Cemetery, Wellington
Spouses nationality:English
Date of marriage:24 August 1823
Place of marriage:St Mary's Church, Thurnham, Kent, England
Fathers name:William Culley
Mothers name:Margaret Corne
Mothers date of birth:1761
Mothers date of death:1834
Name of the children:Rose Hart, Sarah Hart , Edward Hart, Ellen Hart, William Hart, and Eliza Hart