Topic: Hugh McInnes Hardy (1888-1918)

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Storekeeper Hugh McInnes Hardy was a victim of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic (Spanish 'flu). He died from influenza at sea on 5 September 1918 en route from New Zealand to fight during World War I. Story by Debbie McCauley.

Hugh McInnes Hardy was born in Tauranga on 22 August 1888 (reg. 1888/11376) [birth spelling McInness]. His parents were Samuel and Flora Hardy (nee McInnes) who married on 5 June 1877 at Hokitika in the South Island of New Zealand. 

The 1881 New Zealand Electoral Roll shows Samuel working as a carter in Tauranga. The family lived in 4th Avenue (Lot 469, Sec 2), Tauranga. Samuel and Flora established Hardy Transport.

Samuel must have travelled back to Australia at some stage as he was a survivor of the SS Wairarapa Disaster of 1894. The ship sailed from Sydney on 24 October 1894. Just after midnight on 29 October 1894 the ship rammed headlong into a small cave in the cliffs near Miners Head on the northern end of Great Barrier Island outside Auckland. Survivors had to cling to the rigging all night. Around 140 people died.

Hugh was educated at Tauranga's Queen's College (Jeremiah Murphy's School) where he won a prize for geography in 1903. When he left school he worked as a grocer and storekeeper and was living in Auckland by 1909.

On 13 March 1918 Hugh enlisted to fight during World War I (Service No. 76745) with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. He was to become a victim of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic.

Private Hugh McInnes Hardy died from influenza at sea en route from New Zealand on 5 September 1918 (reg. 1918/82739), aged 30. He was buried at sea. Hugh is remembered on the Wellington Provincial Memorial at Karori Cemetery in Wellington, New Zealand. 

His medals were sent to his mother in 4th Avenue, Tauranga.

Hugh McInnes Hardy (1888-1918)

Samuel Hardy died at Waihi Hospital on 31 March 1909 (reg. 1909/885) from pneumonia following surgery for stomach cancer. He was buried in Tauranga Methodist Cemetery on 1 April 1909. Flora died at her home in Devonport Road, Tauranga on 27 July 1925 (reg. 1925/3433) and was buried in Tauranga Methodist Cemetery. Buried in the same plot is their seven month old son Robert John Hardy, who died on 26 February 1891 (reg. 1891/6371) and their 21-year-old daughter Christine Annie Hardy who died on 3 November 1908 (reg. 1908/6918).


References: New Zealand, Electoral Rolls, 1853-1981.

Archives New Zealand: Military Personnel File.

Auckland War Memorial Museum: Cenotaph Record.

Bay of Plenty Times (1902, February 14, p. 2): Annual Horticultural Show.

Bay of Plenty Times (1903 November 2, p. 2): Children's Fancy Dress Ball.

Bay of Plenty Times (1903, December 28, p. 2): Queen's College, Tauranga.

Bay of Plenty Times (1909 March 31, p. 2): Samuel Hardy Obituary.

Births, Deaths and Marriages Online (New Zealand). 

McLean, Heather (1992). Burial Records: Tauranga, New Zealand, 1881-1992.

SS Wairarapa: Passenger List.


A version of this article was archived in August 2016 at Perma CC

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Hugh McInnes Hardy (1888-1918)

Note:Service Number: 76745
First Names:Hugh McInnes
Last Name:Hardy
Date of Birth:22 August 1888
Place of Birth:Tauranga
Country of birth:New Zealand
Date of death:5 September 1918
Place of death:At sea en route from New Zealand
Place of burial:Buried at sea
Fathers name:Samuel Hardy
Fathers date of birth:1846
Fathers place of birth:Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
Fathers date of death:31 March 1909
Fathers place of death:Waihi Hospital, Waihi, New Zealand
Mothers name:Flora McInnes
Mothers date of birth:2 February 1857
Mothers place of birth:Drimfine Estate, Maitland New South Wales, Australia
Mothers date of death:27 July 1925
Mothers place of death:Devonport Road, Tauranga, New Zealand
Name of sibilings:Christina Annie Hardy (1887-1908), Robert John Hardy (1890-1891), Archibald Clarence Hardy (1896-1965), Jessie Margaret Mackrell (nee Hardy) (1879-1959), Charles Thomas Hardy (1880-1958), Lily Caroline Darragh (nee Hardy) (1882-1946), Selina Martha Hardy 1883-1965), and Margaret Mary Marriott (nee Hardy) (1884-1955)
Military Service:World War I (1914-1918)