First ANZAC Day Service Souvenir Booklet

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The First Anniversary of Anzac Day,


Easter Sunday, April 23rd, 1916.




In their generations, and were the

All these were honoured glory of their times."—--Ecclesiasticus xliv., 7.

THE New Zealanders’ celebrations in connection

with the first anniversary of Anzac Day

commenced on Easter Sunday morning, April

23rd, 1916, when a special Commemoration and Memorial

Service was held in the Parish Church of St. Andrew’s,

Hornchurch, at IO o'clock, at which the Vicar, the Rev;

Herbert Dale, M.A., officiated.

868 men and 21 officers of the New Zealand Contingent

(of these only 46 men were fit for active service),

under the command of Major T, H. Dawson, marched

through the village from their Base Camp at Grey

Towers to the Church, headed by their splendid band,

under the Regimental Bandmaster, Sergeant-Major

Mahoney. p

With the exception of the two small Chapels on either

side of the Chancel, which were reserved for the general

public, the New Zealanders occupied the whole of the

Church, and even then, the large building was strained

to its utmost capacity to find room for all. Many of

the men occupied seats immediately in front of the

Altar rails, while several officers, failing to obtain seats

in the body of the Church, found their way to the

ringing chamber of the belfry (which is an open one),

where they were able to look down upon a scene, the like

of which had never before been witnessed within those

ancient walls.



The sight of those war-worn warriors, who had won

imperishable fame in Gallipoli on that memorable 25th

April, 1915, gathered together on such an unique

occasion in the grand old Church, beautifully adorned

for the Easter festival with thousands of lovely spring

flowers, could not fail to be impressive. But the spec-

tacle was made still more beautiful and impressive

by the draping of the pillar adjoining the Chancel on

the south side of the Nave with the large New Zealand

flag——recent ly presented by members of the Allington

family, and unfurled at Grey Towers Camp by Lady

Birdwood——to which was attached a laurel wreath with

the inscription on purple ribbon :-

“To the memory of those who died for the

Empire.—Anzac, 1915."

The Service opened with Kipling’s Recessional, and,

after specially appointed prayers had been offered, the

Lesson was read by the Rev. Charles Dobson, Vicar of

The Sounds, New Zealand, one of the Chaplains of the

New Zealand Expeditionary Force.

There was then enacted the most moving and im-

pressive incident in the whole Service. Major Dawson

and two of his brother officer s, Major A. G. B. Price

and Lieut. W. Haeata, left their seats, and advanced

to the Altar rails, each bearing a memorial wreath,

which the Vicar received at their hands and reverently

placed upon the Holy Table. This simple act of public

homage by those khaki-clad officers will long live in the

memory of all those who witnessed it. It was a most

solemn moment, and in it one realised to the full all that

those flor al emblems stood for, and got a grip of the

inner meaning of that silent little ceremony, so eloquent

of true comradeship with those heroes who had fought so

valiantly, and who, with such unflinching courage, had

been faithful even unto death.

One of the wreaths was of gilded palms, the gift of

Mrs. Challoner, and bore a similar inscription to that

affixed to the New Zealand flag. The other two were

sent in memory of the fallen New Zealanders, and of



the Officers and men of the gallant 29th Division (of

which the Essex Regiment formed part), and which

landed at Cape I-Ielles at the same time as the New

Zealanders landed at Anzac. These wreaths bore the

following inscriptions :—

“ To the memory of the fallen

(Gallipoli), from the Officers of the New Zealand Depot,



-“ To the memory of the fallen

(Gallipoli), from

the Non-commissioned Officers and men of

the New Zealand Depot, Hornchurch."

The first verse of “God Save the King ” was then

sung, and was followed by the Sermon.


The Vicar took his text from Isaiah xxvi.4 : “ Trust

ye in the Lord for ever, for in the Lord Jehovah is

everlasting strength.” He approached his subject in

the full spirit of the text, and recalled the incidents

connected with the memorable landing and fighting at

Anzac on the 25th April, 1915. He spoke in eloquent

and appropriate terms of the magnificent and glorious

service rendered to the Empire by the New Zealand

and Australian Contingents during the whole of the

Gallipoli campaign. When referring to the landing, he

quoted the words of Mr. Buchan, as follows :——“ That

our audacity succeeded is a tribute to the unsurpassable

fighting qualities of our men, the Regulars of the 29th

Division, the Naval Division, and not least to the dash

and doggedness of the Australasian Corps. Whatever

may be the judgment of posterity on its policy or its

consequences, the Battle of the Landing will be acclaimed

as a mighty feat of arms.”

Yes, it was a “ Day that the Lord had made.” Let

us rejoice and be glad in it, for what did it mean 3 A

revelation to the eyes of all men that a force, a new

nation had sprung into the world’s history ; a grappling

of the heart of the Mother Country in her age, to the

heart of your lovely and glorious Dominion with hooks

of steel ; the striking of a resounding blow for the Cause




of justice and right-dealing in the world; a veritable

battle for the Kingdom of God.

We cannot fully tell you how the heart of England

leapt out to you for the deeds that you had wrought ;

but we know that you are right to be determined that

the memory of those days shall never die. And we

people of Hornchurch are glad, are more glad thanlwe

know how to say, that you should be keeping the fir st

Anniversary of that Sunday in our quiet, simple, old

village Church, the Parish Church nearly nine hundred

years ago of that pathetic figur e in our national history,

the Patron Saint of our Army for centuries-King

Edward the Confessor-—before you pass next Tuesday

to commemorate before the eyes of the Nation the

actual date of your Anzac landing in that same Edward

the Confessor’s glorious “Minster of the West,” the

life-long dream, the realization of the vision of that

“ as well as his


Poet-King, who thought in stone,”

supreme contribution to the country of his love.

He then paid a touching and pathetic tribute to the

comrades of his martial congregation who had died so

heroically on that now historic battlefiel d. In speaking

of the men who had made the great sagcrifice, he quoted

the following words of Cardinal Mercier, the venerable

leader of heroic Belgium in its spiritual life :—-“ If I

am asked what I think of the eternal salvation of a

brave man who had consciously given his life in his

country’s honour, I shall nothesitate to reply that,

without any doubt whatever, Christ crowns his military

valour, and that death, accepted in this Christian spirit,

assures the safety of that man’s soul. ‘ Greater love

hath no man than this, that he lay down his life for his

friends,’ and the soldier who dies to save his brothers,

and to defend the hearths and altars of his country,

reaches the highest of all degrees of charity. He

may not have made a close analysis of his sacrifice ;

but must we suppose that God requires of the plain

soldier in the excitement of battle the methodical

precision of the moralist or the theologian P Can we,



who revere his heroism, doubt that his God welcomes

‘him with love P ”. '

After the Sermon the hymn, “ For all the Saints

who from their labours rest,” was sung in solemn

memory of the unreturning brave ; and again the strains

of the National Anthem echoed through the grand old


The Vicar then, holding aloft the gilded Wreath of

— palm leaves, pronounced the Benediction, and thus

brought to a fit ting close one of the most remarkable

and impressive services ever held in the history of a

Parish Church full of inspiring episodes and memories.

As the soldiers fil ed out of the church, a half-muffled

pea] was rung in honour of the heroic dead.

Mr. H. W. Alden, the Organist of the Parish Church,

presided at the Organ, and the service was fully choral.

A beautiful Souvenir of the service was presented to

«every member of the congregation, which Will doubtless

be greatly prized by all the recipients.

' St. ANDREW'8 CHURCH is the Parish Church of the New Zealand

Depot in England.


«Chaplain 5' Vicar HERBERT DALE, M.A., New Coll., Oxford.

Assistant Curate-——TeRmevj>.oA}§LqLl—ERNevJ.. PARRY, A.K.C.

Acting Chaplainsjto the New Zealand Base Depét.

-Churchwardens—Mr. Walter Dendy and Mr. C. H. Baker.

.Deputy—Churchwardens——Mr. R. Dockrill and Mr. W. E. Langridge.

S:'dccmen—Messrs. Allen, Boulton, E. G. Bratchell, Brooks, T. Burden. Card,

. J. Dockrill, R. Dockrill, _E. Fry, G. Fry, T. Gardner, W. Halestrap,

T_. Johnson. W. E. Langrxdge, C. T. Perfect, A. J. Powell, G. Ruston,

Sibthorp, H. L. Symonds and T. W. Wedlake.


Tuesday, April 25th, 1915.



In beautifully fine Weather, with the sun shining

bright and hot as on any summer day—in fact, real

New Zealand weather, as one of the Anzacs remarked

-—the Contingent marched out of Grey Towers Gates

at about 8 o’clock on the morning of the 25th April,

headed by their mascot, a fine Newfoundland dog,




gaily wearing his new regimental coat. The music of the

band brought many of our villagers to their doors, or

to line the streets to give them a parting cheer as they

passed on their Way, en route for London, to take part

in the march through the streets of the metropolis,

which was to culminate at Westminster Abbey, where

the King and Queen were to join them in their great

Commemoration and Memorial service. It was noticed

that many of the gallant fellows limped bravely along,.

and that here and there was seen an armless sleeve

which told its own pathetic tale.

The celebration in London was fully described in

all the newspapers and journals throughout the Kingdom,

but, seeing that what I am recording is destined to appear

in book form, it would not be complete without a suitable

reference to what took place there, although my narrative

is more concerned with the actual doings of the Con-

tingent in our own Village. I therefore mention a few

leading incidents, and reproduce extracts from the

“ ommg issue


M Post,” of April 26th, graphically

describing in brief the great event, and giving the Order

of the Service in the Abbey


On their arrival in London the troops formed up in

Aldwych, and, with the Australian Contingent, num-

bered about 2,ooo strong. They then marched by way

of the Strand and Whitehall to the Abbey, and never

had soldiers a greater or more enthusiastic reception

by the London populace. With the New Zealanders

was their first V.C., Sergt. Cyril Bassett, of the New’

Zealand Engineers, and, in addition to the men who

Went up from Hornchurch, many New Zealanders joined

the ranks in London from the various Convalescent

Hospitals in and around the metropolis.

Of the number of Anzacs assembled in the Abbey,

about 250 were Wounded or disabled, including‘

many who had been blinded in action or as the

result of wounds. These brave fellows were accorded



special seats, in situations favourable for hearing the


The New Zealanders carried with them to the Abbey

a magnificent chaplet of English roses surrounded by

fern leaves, the National Emblem of New Zealand,

bearing the following inscription :—

“ To the honour and immortal memory of the

Heroic Dead of the 29th Division, from their

New Zealand Comrades in arms, Gallipoli,


This beautiful floral emblem was hung on the Chancel




Immediately after the arrival of the King and Queen,

who were met at the West Door by the Dean (Bishop

Ryle) and Sub—Dean (Bishop Boyd Carpenter), and

escorted to the Sacrarium, where they took their seats,

the service opened with Dr. Walsham How’s hymn,

‘—‘ For -all the Saints who from their labours rest,” sung

to Sir Joseph Barnby’s music. This was followed by

the Lord’s Prayer and the Collects and Wesley’s anthem,

“ after which the Dean, facing


Ascribe Unto the Lord,”

the congregation, spoke as follows 2-

Let us now unite in praise and thanksgiving for those our

brothers who died at Gallipoli for their King and Empire, in

the high cause of Freedom and Honour. More especially do we

commemorate the names of the following troops who took part

if) the landing :—

AUSTRALIAN : 1st——4th Brigades of Infantry ;

- Ist——3rd Brigades of Artillery ;

with Engineers, Army Service, Medical,

Veterinary, Ordnance, Naval Brigading,


‘NEW ZEALAND: Divisional and Infantry Brigade Head-

quarters ;

The Auckland, Wellington, Canterbury,

Otago Battalions ; i

with Field Artillery, Engineers, Medical,

Army Service, Corps.

All these fought most valiantly. Their deeds will be remem-

bered evermore. Their memorial is already inscribed in men’s


"Late the imperishable renown of their daring and bravery. We

are resolved that, by God's gracious favour, our brothers shall Cagt. H_ Short) S.M_O. N.Z_ Base ”” A. Jack

not have laid down their lives 111 vain. " _._,. Depot ]_ Langridge

“ no man than this, that a man lay down ' ” F


Greater love hath :1 J. H Hermld ' ‘MLfl my

l h1s“l1fe ' d d h ”





Anzac Day—the celebration in the


Dean and Sub-Dean, his Majesty stopped to speak to

and shake hands with Corporal Geange, a member of}

- the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, who is suffering

from paralysis as the result of injuries received in

Gallipoli. At the West Door, the Abbey clergy were

presented to the King by Earl Kitchener.

The officiating clergy were the Dean (Bishop Ryle),

the Sub-Dean (Bishop Boyd Carpenter), the Precentor ,

(Rev. L. H. Nixon), Canons Pearce, Carnegie, and

Charles, and Minor Canons Perkins, Aikin-Sneath, and

Westlake. Sir Frederick Bridge and Dr. Alcock pre-

sided at the organ, and the former also conducted the

massed band of the Australians and New Zealanders,

which played selections from Handel before the service.

The following are the names of the New Zealand

officers who were present at Westminster Abbey A:--

Brigadier-General G. S. Richardson, Lieut. L. G. Chaytor

C,M.G, ,, H. A. Christie

Colonel ]. G. Hughes, C.M.G., D.S.O. ,, F. Codd, A.P.M.

Lieut.-Col. C. H. J. Brown, D.S.O. ,, ]. D. Dryden

Major T. H. Dawson, O.C., N.Z. ,, J. P. Ferris

Base Depot G. H. Forsythe


of the anniversary of the landing of the Australian and New

Zealand Forces at Gallipoli——has come‘  and gone.' It has been

an event not readily to be forgotten by those who have been

privileged to take part in it. A new day of dignity and honour

has been added to the calendar of the Empire- No circumstance

was lacking to make the occasion illustrious. , The skies, as if

in high cabal with Britons, whether at home or from overseas,

were benignant. It was a day of warm and genial sunshine

such as we have not known in these latitudes since——may one

say without mockery ?—mid-January. The London populace,

eager to render tribute to their fellow-kinsmen whose gallantry

and se1f—sacrifice in the Empire’s cause have moved every heart,

were able to throng the streets in comfort and with undimmed

spirits and undivided energies, to gaze at and cheer for those

whom they% delighted to honour. The march of the Australian

and New Zealand sections from the Strand to the Abbey was a

triumphal progress. The Commemoration Service at the

Abbey, which was attended by the King and Queen, many

Ministers of State, and soldiers of high rank, was one of the most

moving and impressive ceremonies that even the ancient

Abbey, with all its records of a thousand years, has ever known.

No nobler requiem have soldiers ever known ; and the comrades

of the fallen, who fil led yesterday the shrine of England’s highest

and most heroic memories, cannot but have_ felt that hence-




forward Westminster Abbey is theirs even as it never was before-

Anzac Day has written an inscription on the Abbey rolls which

will endure as long as the rolls themselves. _

It was a great day———a day, too, of great happenings, as our

other news columns testify. Yet no other events could dim the

success and the impressiveness of Anzac Day, the incidents and

memories of which must constitute another bond between the

Homeland and the Dominions beyond the Seas. Londoners

are little likely to forget the experience,in which their hearts were

so deeply stirred and engaged. And it is not presumptuous

to declare that our kinsmen from Australia and New Zealand,

who found themselves so much the heroes of the hour, are as

little likely to forget the experience either.

(Morning Post.)



The gallant Anzacs looked pleased and happy with

their splendid reception in the greatest of all great

cities on their return to Homchurch at about 2 p.m.

Many of them were wearing roses and other flor al emblems,

in their hats, which their fair admirers had shofir er ed’

upon them during their triumphal march, and the big

drum was decked with a beautiful flor al wreath tied

with blue ribbon. These men had the proud knowledge

of having taken part in one of the most memorable

and historic military pageants ever held in the capital,

which many of them, but for this war, would probably

never have seen.

At 3.30 o’clock the guests began to arrive at the

Headquarters, Grey Towers, and very soon the lawn

in front of the Mansion was crowded with friends of

the New Zealanders, who included many Hornchurch

folk. A great number of the visitors came from London

and other parts, and the large motor char-a-bancs of

the contingent were kept busily engaged bringing party

after party from the stations at Homchurch and Rom-

ford. ~ »

At 5 o’clock tea was served on the lawn, and immed-

iately afterwards General Sir William Birdwood arrived.

He remained in front of the Mansion for some little



time, where, after receiving the Officers of the Con-

tingent, many of the assembled company were intro-

duced to him


The General then proceeded to the Parade Ground,

accompanied by Sir Thomas Mackenzie, K.C.M.G.,

High Commissioner for New Zealand, Brigadier-

General G. S. Richardson, C.M.G. (Officer commanding

the New Zealand Forces in the United Kingdom),

Lt.-Col. C.,H. J. Brown, D.S.O., Col. J. Hughes, C.M.G.,

D.S.O., and Lieutenant W. Haeata. On their arrival

at the saluting base on the north side of the parade

ground, where was unfurled the New Zealand flag,

the troops, under the command of Major T. H. Dawson,

with the following staff :—Major A. G. B. Price, Capt.

H. Short, S.M.O., and Captain G. Eliott——presented

arms, and the general salute was given.

General Birdwood then moved slowly up and down.

‘the Eéing khaki lines, closely inspecting the men, and

now and again stopping to chat with them or to shake

hands. The inspection over, the troops marched past

in column, General Sir William Birdwood taking the

salute. ,

They afterwards formed up into three sides of a square,

and Sir Thomas Mackenzie then read the following,

message from the Prime Minister of New Zealand :—

Convey to all our brave New Zealand soldiers at to-day’s

gathering hearty good wishes. Their friends and comrades

of the Dominion are proud of their gallant deeds, and a hearty

welcome awaits them on their return. Express New Zeala.nd’s

warmest congratulations to those who are to be presented with

medals. MASSEY.

The High Commissioner, in the course of his address

to the troops, said some people considered that, as

the Anzac soldiers were not successful in their enter-

prise, only loss had resulted. That was a profound

delusion. They could not discuss the propriety or

otherwise of the line of action taken by the Imperial

Government, but they did know that the bringing




together of so many men representing the Mother .

Country and the Dominions in a great enterprise of

war had developed a mutual friendliness and cemented

a bond which nothing could sunder either now or

in the years to come. In one respect New ‘Zealand

seemed to have discovered the coming cloud of sinister

events earlier than the home Government. During

1909-10, while those guiding affairs in the centre of

the Empire thought that everything made for the

maintenance of peace and goodwill among men, New

Zealand, on the other hand, was quite sure that the

time had not arrived for beating swords into plough-

shares. So New Zealand, in common with Australia, set

about the passing of an Act to compel their people to

train for defence. “ We were rather amazed,” the

High Commissioner continued, “ to find afterwards

that while we——I3,ooo miles away—perceived what was

threatening, those entrusted with the destinies of the

Empire—only 300 miles away from the seat of danger——

did not appear to think that anything possibly could go

wrong. We are to be consulted with regard to terms

of peace. We hope to be consulted a1so—and. that

very soon——regarding questiorm which are of common

interest within the Empire. We, for our part, are

intensely in earnest on the point that there shall be

adequate defence for the British Empire, and this can

only be done with land and sea forces commensurate

with our enormous responsibilities. The larger questions

of trade will no doubt engage the attention of our ablest

men, and we, for our part, keenly desire to increase

our trading relationship"s within the Empire. I am

confident the virility of the British people was never

greater. All they require is to be told what is necessary

to win the war and they will respond to the uttermost

limits of their power and abilities. We in New Zea-

land hold that the fir st duty of citizenship is to defend

our country and maintain it for those who will come

after us.” (Moming Post).

At the conclusion of his speech the High Com»



missioner received a tremendous ovation from the

Offi c er sand men, and he then called for three cheers

for General Sir William Birdwood, humorously remark-

ing that, although it might not be in accordance with

military etiquette for him to do so, he was not under

the General’s orders, and therefore could not be expected. '

to conform to such restrictions as were involved in

military codes. The cheers were given in that hearty

and staccato manner so peculiar to the New Zealanders.

Sir William Birdwood then rose to address the men.

Before he had been speaking many minutes it was

easy to see how it was he had obtained the inspiring

title of the “ Soul of Anzac,” and when he repeatedly

addressed his audience as lads and boys, he appeared

more comrade than great General. His sound and

good advice was interspersed with such genuine good

humour that it was little wonder that he was able to

grip them as few men have been able to do. He told

them that, although they had done well, and had never

failed to rise to the occasion, they had still a lot more

hot fighting to do before they got their enemy where

they wanted him. All the world had heard of their

glorious work. Out onflsl ePeninsula, time after time,

he had seen men climbing up the steep hills in the

extreme heat, and standing in the trenches under the

most trying conditions. On one occasion he met a

man carrying two heavy water bottles. “ Rather

heavy, aren’t they?” he asked, “Oh, yes; pretty

heavy ” was the reply. “ They would not be nearly

so heavy if they were full of rum.” They argued it

out and came to the concluslilon that if it were rum

the bottles would probably be lighter and the man

would be heavier, and, possibly, never get on at all.

Only on two occasions had he heard grumbling. The

fir st time was from the men who were not in the fir st

line in the landing at Gallipoli, and the same thing

occurred in the evacuation. He was going down the

trenches on 19th December and heard several men)

complain that they were not in the rear-guard action.




These were the only complaints he heard. He happened

to write to the Private Secretary to the King, giving

him an account of the evacuation and he replied :——“ The

part of your letter which gave the greatest pleasure

to the King was where you described the men’s com-

plaints, that they were not the last to leave. With

men of that sort you must, indeed, be proud of your

Corps.”——-“ And I am proud of my' Corps, and you

know it jolly well,” added the General, “ you are

all “ dmkums ”! He had not the privilege of being

born in the Southern hemisphere, but he was a soldier

of Anzac, and he hoped he might continue to be

throughout this war.

He went on to speak of the work which lay before

them in France, and expressed his confidence in their

“ ”

carrying on in a manner which would add still more

honour and glory to their records in this war. He

then gave them a few practical hints, and emphasized

the necessity of training and discipline. He pointed

out how much more valuable a soldier was as a fight er

when he was thoroughly trained and disciplined, than

one who was not efficient in those qualificat ions, and

concluded by saying that there ggere three great essentials

to a soldier :— (I) fight ing, (2) training, (3) discipline;

and the greatest of them all was discipline, without

which no soldier could hope to become a great fight er .

Rousing cheers again greeted the popular General

at the close of his speech, and he then distributed the

Distinguished Conduct Medals to the following non-

commissioned officer s and men :—

Sergeant-Major B. S. Boate ‘ Sergeant Bennett

Quarter—Master-Sergeant Graham Corporal Skinner

Sergeant-Major A. W. Abbey Driver Clarke

Sergeant Tavender ' Sergeant Comrie

Acting-Sergeant Hill Private Stockdell

Sergeant Spencer Private Crawford-Watson

Sergeant VVatson

The Band then played the National Anthem, and

brought to a close one of the most unique and eventful

ceremonies ever held in our village.



A most pathetic incident connected with the Review

was the appearance on the parade ground of Trooper

Clutha Mackenzie, of y the Wellington Mounted Rifl e s,

son of Sir Thomas Mackenzie, a splendid fellow, standing

over six feet high, who had lost his sight in the fight ing

on the Gallipoli Peninsula.





Sir H. Rider Haggard says in one of his numerous

books that Britons wherever they are will celebrate a

fight in two ways :—at night they will mfi e t eatnd enjoy a

true British dinner, and the following day there will

be a Race Meeting and Athletic Sports. The Anzacs

are nothing if they are not sportsmen, as those who

witnessed the “ All Blacks ” will remember, and pro-

bably the recollection of those who played against them

will be even keener than that of the onlookers. True

then to the stock from whence they sprung, one day was

given up to sports in connection with “ Landing Day.”

This, took place on Wednesday, April 26th. It was an

ideal day for such recreation. “ All Hornchurch ”

was at Grey Towers, and a word of praise is due to the

committee who were responsible for the arrangements.

They were as near perfect as could .be.

The programme was a long and varied one. Some

of the entries, such as “ Tilting the Bucket,” “ The

Boat Race,” and “ Mop Fighting,” were highly amusing,

and laughter impeded the chances of success of more

than one would-be winner.

The following is a list of the-prize—winners :—-

I00 YARDs.—First, Sapper Burns; Second, Pte. Darby.

BOAT RAcE.—]-First, Hut 8a; Second, Hut Ia.

RELAY RACE.-—First, D Coy. ; Second, A Coy.

MOP FIGHTING.——First, Pte. Smith ; Second, Pte. Richardson.

TILTING THE BUcKET.—First, Ptes. Raoha and Fuller;

Second, Ptes. Caplin and Climo.

ALARM RACE.-—Hut 2a.


Asling ; Second, Sergt. Willis.



--§STEEPLECHASE, I31; Miles.—

First, Trooper Proctor; Second,

Pte. I Griffiths.

“V.C. ” RAcE.—First, Pte. Climo; Second, Pte. Caplin.

Boor RAcE.—First, Pte. Darby ; Second, Pte. Caplin.

LoNG ]UMP.—-—First, Corpl. Thompson ; Second, Pte. Hansen.

BUMPING CoMi>EIIIIoN.——First, Hut Ia. ; Second, Hut 5a.

CLIMBING THE GREASY PoLE.——First, Pte. Caplin; Second,

Pte. Church.

DRIVING COMPETI'1‘ION.—-—Fi1‘S‘l‘., Driver Asling and Private

McKenzie; Second, Cpl. O’Brien and Pte. Mowat.

SERGEANTS’ HANDICAP.——FirSt, Sergt. Muir; Second, Sergt.


BAND RACE, MUsIcAL.——First, Bugler Burns ; Second,

Bugler Des Forg_,eT:s__; _

OFFICERS’ HANDIcAP.——First, Capt. Harston ; Second, Lieut.


The Judges worked untiringly, Major Dawson and

Major Price were the very life of the afternoon’s enjoy-

ment, and they were ably supported by Capt. Short

and Lieut. Haeata.

The visitors were entertained to tea on the lawn in

front of “ Grey Towers,” which was looking at its best.

The band, under the direction of Bandmaster Sergt.-

Major Mahoney, S.S.M., played at intervals, the specially

selected programme of music being much appreciated

by the large gathering of friends of -the New Zealanders.

The prizes were presented by Miss Evelyn,

the lady superintendent of “ Te Whare P111113’ the New

Zealand Soldiers’ Club in Butts Green Road, Horn-

church. _

As no account has yet been published of this excellent

Club, I take this opportunity of giving some details

of it, and of the good work it is doing.



(The Meeting House).

Te Whare Puni is a continuation of the New Zea-

landers’ Club which was opened in London at 3 Victoria

Street during the last week of November, I9I5, and

which was known as “ The Dug-Out.” The latter was

initiated by Miss Hilda Williams, and was the outcome

of a great desire to provide a quiet place, where the

lonely and still _weak soldiers of the New Zealand con-

tingent could rest and obtain good home-made food

and refreshment at moderate cost, after leaving Hospital ;

the wish of the promoters being to provlifie as homelike

an atmosphere as possible.

When the New Zealand Base was definitelly established

at Grey Towers, it was decided to extend the efforts

of the Club to Hornchurch, and four ladies from the

“ ”

Dug-Out came down to the village for that purpose

on February 16th. Their preparations and arrange-

ments succeeded so well that on March 5th, I916,

the Club was opened with the existing Reading and

Writing room, and a small Buffet in a room which could

only accommodate about I5 to 20 men at a time.

The erection of the present handsome and com-

modious Hut was then taken in hand, and after many

unavoidable delays in building it, was successfully

accomplished. That it was completed early in the

month of April was largely due to the help of soldier

carpenters, who, unfortunately, had to leave for active

service in France before it was opened on April Ioth

by Major Dawson, the Commandant of the Camp.

At the opening ceremony Major Dawson made some

very kind and appropriate remarks with reference to

the promoters and the staff of the New Zealanders’

Club, and explained to their soldier guests that the

money to finance and carry on the work was supplied

by private individuals:-—New Zealanders—who have

in this particular matter no connection with the New

Zealand Government, or with any Association or

Society. S






Ellhe work connected with the Club is all voluntary,

and is chiefly done by ladies———English, as well as those

of New Zealand birth—and, although a small charge

is made forthe food supplied, it is calculated on a basis

which covers only the cost of the raw material, but

does not aim at “ making it pay ”——as some people

put it-—the cost of preparation and production, rent

etc., being provided from the funds-

In “ Te Whare Puni ” there is a full-sized billiard

table, a piano and a gramaphone. Small games,

newspapers and magazines are also provided. An

important summer addition is shortly to be made to

the many attractions of this ideal club, which is to take

the form of a Tennis Court. The cost of this has been

defrayed mainly by a gift recently received from New

Zealand, with instructions that the money be used for

whatever might be “ the most pressing need of the

moment.” .. Knowing the ‘tastes of the giver Miss

Evelyn Williams decided that to use it in the renting

of a lawn and to provide a Tennis equipment would be

quite a satisfactory way of spending the money, and

very helpful to the soldiers by enabling them to indulge

in a pleasant and recuperative form of recreation.

The promoters and the workers of this Club look forward

to continuing it on the present lines as long as the war

lasts. . They hope it will be well and largely used and

that it will prove to be a comfort to an increasing

number of New Zealand soldiers, whom it will always

be their earnest desire and endeavour to help as much

as possible.

While there exists the need for this good work, may

it go on and prosper; and, when the history of this

war-time comes’ to be written, no praise will be too

great to shower upon those noble women who, with

such splendid self—sacrifice, have devoted their time

and money to bring a glimpse of hometo the brave men

who, to fight our battles, have left wife and children

and kindred, so many many miles away.




A Bouquet from the Ofi i cers,N.C.O.’s and men of

the New Zealand Base Depot was forwarded to Her

Royal Highness Princess Mary on April 25, Anzac .

Day, her birthday. The following telegram has been

received :—

Princess Mary thanks Offi c er s, N.C.O.’s and men of the

New Zealand Base Depot for the beautiful roses. Her Royal

Highness is much touched by their thoughts, and wishes them all

success.” LADY IN WAITING.


The Offi c er commanding the Depot forwarded the

following telegrams to the undermentioned Units on

Anzac Day :-

On this the Anniversary of our great adventure may we

New Zealanders tender our tribute to the immortal and glorious

valour of the Battalion of your Regiment which we have the

Honour to claim as Comrades in Arms.”

5TH ROYAL Scors.












On this the Anniversary of our great adventure may we the

New Zealanders tender our tribute to the immortal and glorious

the Indian Troops with whom we had the honour of






On this the anniversary of our great adventure may we the

New Zealanders tender our tribute to the immortal and glorious

V3101“ Of the R0Yal Naval Division which we have the honour to

claim as comrades in Arms."







The following replies have been received I--

“ of the Indian Army 1 tender thanks for your


On behalf

timely and happy message of comradeship in arms, that comrade-

ship will further cement the unity of the Empire. I am tele-

graphing the message to. India where it will be warmly



“ be associated with you in an enterprise in


We are proud to

which the New Zealanders by their glorious valour earned a'repu-

tation which fil llive with the greatest in the British Army.”



“ all and battalions of the Royal Innis-


On behalf of ranks

killing Fusiliers I beg to thank you for your cordial message

nothing I can say can express our admiration of the wonderful

valour of the New Zealanders.”





“ on the glorious anniversary are reciprocated


Your greetings

by all ranks South Wales Borderers who are proud to have been

associated with the valiant New Zealanders and look forward to

further co-operation to final victory.”



‘ ‘ have received with pride. and pleasure


The Essex Regiment

the tribute from their New Zealand Comrades by whose side they

consider it an honour to have fought, it will live in their hearts as

an undying memento of Comradeship and pride in the solidarity

of the Empire that far away sons and themselves are one, again

they thank you.”


“ and Scotland will join us in the warm recipro-



cation of your telegram which will bind us closer to your great

Dominion. To you New Zealanders with whose comradeship we

were so greatly honoured in the high achievement of a year ago,

the Fifth Royal Scots send greetings and remembrances of your

undying daring.” . ‘



“ of all ranks of the Battalion Hampshire Regiment


On behalf

I thank you for your telegram tendering your tribute to our

Regiment, which message will be sent to that Battalion. I.can

assure you that they also will ever remember the gloriousdeeds

of the New Zealanders.” . - .






“ sincerely thank you on behalf of the 1st Battali§_j-_n-


I have to

Border Regiment for your kind telegram of to-day’s date and it

gave me great Pleasure to forward same to that Battalion now in




“ your kind message proud that the Regiment


Thanks for

were associated with the gallant New Zealanders. Wish you

all luck in the future.”




“ Fusiliers return cordial thanks to their comrades


The Royal

of the New Zealanders for their kind message and tender them the

heartfelt thanks attributed on the anniversary of the glorious





“ accept my most grateful thanks for the telegram you



so kindly sent me on the 25th inst., your generous words of appre-

ciation have greatly touched me, and I shall have the greatest

pleasure in forwarding your wire to the Ist Battalion of my

Regiment to whom they refer, and who will, I am sure, greatly

value the good opinion of their New Zealand comrades.-—

B.. S. STEWART, Colonel,








In addition to the observation of Anzac Day in the

village, there was another celebration which may not

be out of place to Inention, inasmuch as it brought to

an end this historic Week. VVe know that Freemasonry

is universal, and it was not therefore surprising to find

- that of the men in camp at Grey Towers seventy or

more of the Officers, Non.-Com. Officers and men

were Freemasons. It was a happy suggestion that

these men should meet together and celebrate “in a

way usual among Masons,” such an eventful day in

their lives. The idea was warmly received by the

Officers of the Warner Lodge, 2256, and Grand Lodge

most readily granted a Dispensation for an Emergency

Meeting. This was accordingly held at the Royal




Forest Hotel, Chingford, on Thursday evening, April

27th. All the Freemasons of the New Zealand Con-

tingent, together with their friends and the officials

from headquarters at Westminster, and wounded Masons

from the New Zealand Hospital at Walton-on—Thames,

were invited by Bro. Rev. Allen J. Parry, P.P.G.C.,

Essex, and Chaplain of the Warden Lodge, to partici-

pate in such an unique meeting.




The importance of the gathering centred not in the

Warner Lodge ; it affected the whole of British Free-

masonry, for almost the sole purpose of the meeting

was to initiate five members of the New Zealand Forces

——-Lieuts. J. W. Bright and A. J. Wigley ; Sergt.—Major

A. W. Abbey, D.C.M. ; and Privates R. McAdam Bell

and M. M. Parkinson, this ceremony being proceded

by the completion of the admission of Bro. Major

Athol Graham Price.

Bro. Herbert T. Sleet, W.M., presided and carried

through the various ceremonies with exquisite skill.

He was supported by Bros. A. J. Dicks, B.A., B.Sc.,

I.P.M.; J. S. Bridges, LL.D., B.Sc., J.W.; Rev. Allen

J. Parry, P.P.G.C., Chaplain ; Dr. T. Scoresby-Jackson,

P.P.G.D., Treasurer ; Arthur Holmes, P.P.G.D.,

Secretary; Frederick Taylor, P.P.A.G.D.C., D.C.; W.

R. West, S.D.; H. A. C. Deckman, J.D.; Horace A.

Evans, Almoner; G. W. Overton, I.G.; Arthur E.

Blay, Steward ; John Spencer, Tyler.

Bro. Lord Plunket, P.G.M. of New Zealand, and now

Grand, Secretary for Ireland, was present throughout the

proceedings, while the general company included Bros.

Major Dawson, Capts. Eliott and Herrold, Lieuts.

Smedley, Smith, Jack, Alexander, andiBoyes, Q.—M.-S.

Tattle, Sergt.—Major Franklin, Sergts. Grieve, Marsh,

Molteni, Sandilands, McLaughlin, Short, and Wheeler,

Sappers McWhirter, McMeeking, Begg, and McDonald,

Privates McMahon, Monro, Jeffs, McDermid, Washer,

Houchen, Burdett, Low, and the following civilians:

Bros. J. Flew, L.R. ; R. Score, P.P.G.W.; Dr.lWoolf,

Dr. Pitt, G. W. Holmes, A. Robertson, 0. P. Holling-









dale, C. J. Beharell, Gayton, A. Robertson,A. Papworth,

W. G. Berry, 8. W. Robinson and Crewes.

There were many original “ healths ” honoured :

“ who have lived in dug—outs,” elicited a hearty


To all

response, as did “ Brothers Enterics.” ” “ The Founders

of the Lodge ” (the Warner Lodge wasfounded in I888),

brought one response——Bro. Dr. Scoresby-Jackson, who

received a hearty welcome, and another equally hearty

gwas accorded Bro. Lieut. Francis Blake, P.P.G.O.,

the Organist of the Lodge, who, having been granted

a few days’ leave, made his fir st appearance in the Lodge

after many months spent in the trenches. He was

an unadvertised contributor to the musical programme,

which was arranged by his substitute, Bro. James

Crewes. The only regrets were the enforced absence

of Bros. Colonel Sir Courtenay Warner, P.G.W., the

fir st W.M. of the Lodge, and T. J. Ralling, P.A.G.D.C.,

the Provincial Grand Secretary.

, The toast of “ The Grand Officers ” was responded to

by Bro. Lord Plunket, who remarked that the Grand

Officers of the different Constitutions could. be admired

by any audience which contained, as that‘ one did, so

many soldiers. The most distinguished soldier of the

present day——-Lord Kitcl1ener——was a Grand Offi c er ,

and a very keen Mason. The name of Lord Roberts

also brought to mind the fact that he, too, was a Mason.

Then they could not forget that Bro. Halsey’s son

commanded the “New Zealand.” The initiates of

the evening would be going back to New

new in their possession, and theZyewaloaunldgwfiinthd



that the Freemasonry of New Zealand was Freemasonry

of the finest possible type, and meant a great deal to

the men out there who were Freemasons.

Bro. F. Taylor, P.P.A.G.D.C., responded to the toast

of “ The Provincial Grand Officers,” while the W.M.

responded briefly to the toast of his health, which was

proposed by Bro. A. J. Dicks, I.P.M.

The toast of “The Anzacs ” was entrusted to Bro.

Rev. Allen J. Parry, P.P.G.C. It could, he said, be



summed up in three words : “ They are Men.” They

had proved themselves to be such, particularly at

Gallipoli. He knew that the Anzacs felt that this war

was just as much theirs as it was ours, and that they

also thought it inopportune to thank them for coming

over to help the Old Mother Country. They looked

upon it as a duty, and they had certainly done that

duty exceedingly well. The most happy time of his

ministerial career had been the time he had spent with

the New Zealanders at Hornchurch, and he knew that

one of the most pleasing entries in the minute book of

the Warner Lodge would be the entry of that night's

meeting when five members of the New Zealand Forces

were made members.

Bro. Major Dawson, responding to the toast, said that

they were spending a better 27th of April in 1916 than

they had spent in 1915 ; on that day they received their

second water-bottle. They thought too much fuss

had been made of them, and it hurt them, and they did

not consider that the day should have been called



were blameable for forgetting their own men upon the

anniversary of the landing. All who had been in

Gallipoli knew of the glorious work of the 29th Division

(which included the Essex Regiment). Much had been

heard concerning the doings of the Colonials, but they

(the Colonials) could assert that what the Colonials had

done was child’s play alongside what had been done by

the 29th Division. At Hornchurch they had a welcome

such as none of them had ever had before. Their

reception in London on the previous day was beyond‘

description. They took two mascots with them to the

Abbey-—-both from Essex. One the London people

put flowe r s on, embraced and kissed ; of the other they

took no notice. One was a Newfoundland dog; the

other was the Chaplain who had proposed that toast,

Before they came to this country they had seen Essex

on the map, but did not know where it was ; they knew

now that it was at the Thames Estuary where the



Zeppelins visited. Altogether they had come to the

conclusion that there was one land which topped every-

thing——and that was the Homeland. 3.

There were other toasts, all heartily given, and as

heartily responded to : the heartiest, ‘both in proposi-

tion and response, being, of course, that of the Initiates.

All declared that the ceremony and after-proceedings

would live in the memory for many years to come, and

_it would indeed beimpossible for them to be effaced.

“ KIA-—oRA."


Published by the Author:—-CHARLES” T. PERFECT,

“Weylands,” Hornchurch, Essex.':





24, High Street, Colchester.




To all New Zealanders.


Hornchurch . during the Great War


Hornchurch Past an_d Present.

I have in preparation two Books, which I propose publishing under

the titles above named.

The former will not only treat on the Military aspect, but on all the

religious, parochial, civil and social activities which have been so

prominent in our Village since August, 1914.

It will contain special chapters on the New Zealanders, with

descriptive articles on Samoa, and on the landing at Anzac, and full

accounts of all the chief events which have taken place, or which may

take place, during their occupation of Grey Towers Camp.

Chapters will also be“ devoted to the former occupants of the Camp,

viz., “ The Sportsman's Battalion " and the " Navvies' Battalion."



In " Hornchurch Past and Present,’ will appear all that is most

interesting concerning Hornchurch and its inhabitants in the long

past, the past, and the present.

immeldiifit e




The Books will each contain about I00 pages, Demy 8vo (the same

size as this pamphlet), and will be illustrated. They should prove

interesting Souvenirs to all New Zealanders who have been in camp

in our ancient Village ; and, in the great peace time which will follow,

when they have returned to their native shores and homes, a perusal

of the pages of these volumes will doubtless revive many happy


1 hope to be able to publish “ Homchurch, Past and Present,” during



and “ Homchurch during the Great War,” will appear as soon

as p@__s,sible after hostilities cease. -

Prices will be as follows:—ls. in paper covers; 25. stiff covers;

25. 6d. in cloth; and a Special Edition in limp French‘ Morocco,

gilt edged and lettered at 5s-

Postage to New Zealand 3d. extra.

New Zealanders will have their copies posted to them immediately

on publication, by notifying the undersigned, giving full name and

address, and the number of copies required.


"Weylands," Hornchurch, Essex .

May, I 9 I 6.



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