Gate Pa Flag

The Battle of Gate Pā at Pukehinahina (Te Pakanga O Pukehinahina) on 29 April 1864 was a pivotal point in the history of Tauranga Moana. 

It started with British troops being landed at the northern end of Te Papa, seen by Māori as a provocative move. A Code of Conduct was agreed on by Māori leaders who issued a challenge to the British. When it was ignored Māori selected a site on the Pukehinahina ridge where they designed and built a radical new fighting pā. The result was one of the few outright victories for Māori against the British.

Two months later, on  21 June 1864, another battle occurred. The Battle of Te Ranga saw many Māori leaders killed and led to surrender and confiscation of land. Māori response to surveying of confiscated land was a small-scale conflict known as the Tauranga Bush Campaign (1867) which signaled the end of fighting in Tauranga Moana. Click here and here to read more.

These pages have been created to provide information about the Battles of Gate Pā and Te Ranga, as well as enabling community expression. In 2014 Tauranga commemorated 150 years since the battles which saw the sites being revamped as well as a proliferation of expression from the community via poetry, essay writing, speeches, haka, artwork, and an exhibition at Greerton Hall, much of which is captured within this kete.

Commemoration pages include: 

Pukehinahina Flag. Kete articles include:

  1. Key figures in the Battle of Gate Pa
  2. Mission Cemetery Monuments
  3. Who gave water to the wounded?
  4. The Tauranga Campaign of 21 January 1864 to 21 June 1864
  5. A comprehensive list of all participants at the battles (includes rank, fate, affiliation and source)
  6. Advice on doing your own research from Primary Resources.

More links: 

Featured Image

Battle of Gate Pā Commemoration (29 April 2014) by Tania Lewis-Rickard .

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Battle of Te Ranga Commemoration (21 June 2014) by Tania Lewis-Rickard .
150 years since the Battle of Te Ranga in 1864 were commemorated in Tauranga on 21 June 2014 with over
Te Ranga Pou Blessing (21 June 2014) by Tania Lewis-Rickard .
At 7am on 21 June 2014 two new pou were blessed at the Te Ranga battle site to commemorate 150
The NZ Armed Constabulary re-enactment unit fires two six-pounder Armstrong field guns and five 12-pounder Coehorn mortars in the Tauranga
The Battle of Gate Pa 2014. Filmed by: Franz-Oliver Lindsay. Edited by: Huri Paraha AKA THE MAN. Sub Tauranga. Published
Gate Pā Commemorative Medal (2014) awarded to Tawhai Rickard.
In 2014, as part of the 150th commemoration of the Battle of Gate Pā at Pukehinahina, the Pukehinahina Charitable Trust
In 2014 Tauranga Girls' College year 13 history students were asked to write an essay analysing the causes and consequences
Te Ranga Pou Installation (20 June 2014) by Debbie McCauley.
On 20 June 2014 two pou were erected on the site of the Battle of Te Ranga on Pyes Pa
Te Kura o Matapihi by Penny Guy .
As part of the 2014 Matariki celebrations at Tauranga City Library, an exhibition of photographs from the 150th commemoration of
Tauranga Girls' College student, Kayla Dawson, came second in the junior section of the Battle of Gate Pā Essay Competition
Battle of Gate Pā Commemoration (29 April 2014) by Moana Bianchin.
This story was compiled with the help of kaumatua Peri Reweti Kohu who oversaw the carving of the Gate Pā
Battle of Gate Pā Commemoration (29 April 2014) by Moana Bianchin.
This story was compiled with the help of kaumatua Peri Reweti Kohu who oversaw the carving of the Gate Pā
Eugene Van Der Merwe Exhibition (2014) by Debbie McCauley.
Eugene Van Der Merwe created seven images of British and Māori in the lead up to the 150th Commemoration of
Tauranga Girls' College student Tayla Turner-Paki won the senior section of the Battle of Gate Pā Essay Competition (2014).
Tauranga Girls' College student, 12-year-old Kalais Going, won the junior section of the Battle of Gate Pā Essay Competition (2014).
Pukehinahina Charitable Trust logo.
The Pukehinahina Charitable Trust was formed in order to educate Tauranga and the nation about the Battle of Gate Pa,
Gate Pā Pou (24 April 2014) by Tania Lewis-Rickard .
Eight carved pou were erected on the historic Gate Pā Domain on 24 April 2014. Photos: Tania Lewis-Rickard.
Battle of Gate Pā Commemoration (29 April 2014) by Moana Bianchin.
Many thanks to Peter Hodge who kindly recorded the entrants in the Battle of Gate Pā Poetry Competition (2014) at
Battle of Gate Pā Commemoration (29 April 2014) by Moana Bianchin.
150 years since the Battle of Gate Pā in 1864 were commemorated in Tauranga on 29 April 2014 with over
The Gate Pā Essay and Speech Competitions Presentation Evening was held at Elizabeth Street Café and Larder on Thursday 8
Battle of Gate Pā Commemoration Dinner (28 April 2014) by Tania Lewis-Rickard .
A Commemoration Dinner was held on the eve of the 150th commemoration of the Battle of Gate Pā at Pukehinahina.
Battle of Gate Pā Dawn Service (29 April 2014) by Tania Lewis-Rickard .
Despite the rain on 29 April 2014, hundreds turned out for a dawn service to mark the 150th commemoration of
This article has the text of the three George Brier Diaries of 1864 - 1866. It also has scanned versions
Rules of Engagement Exhibition opening invitiation (2014) .
The Battle of Gate Pā ‘Rules of Engagement’ Exhibition at Greerton Hall was organised by the Gate Pā Charitable Trust
Battle of Gate Pā Commemoration (29 April 2014) by Tania Lewis-Rickard .
150 years since the Battle of Gate Pā in 1864 were commemorated in Tauranga on 29 April 2014 with over
Henare Wiremu Taratoa: Noble Warrior by Patricia Brooks .
The life and times of a young New Zealander who in the 1840s adopted a European lifestyle. He was New
Petarika Te Kanae (?-1864).
From 14 April to 9 May 2014 an Images of Gate Pā Exhibition was held at St George’s Church in
To commemorate 150 years since the Battles of Gate Pa and Te Ranga in 1864 an art exhibition was held
To commemorate 150 years since the Battles of Gate Pa and Te Ranga in 1864 an art exhibition was held
S11: Jane Foley by Abbey Mitchell.
Heni heard the soldier’s cry, so bearing a half-full nail can she’d found unexpectedly she ventured out cautiously round smashed-in
Rev. John Hebenton TSSF, Vicar of the Anglican Parish of Gate Pā, gave this Flag Blessing during the Dawn Service
Rev. John Hebenton TSSF, Vicar of the Anglican Parish of Gate Pā, gave the following address at the 150th commemoration
Lt Gen The Rt Hon Sir Jeremiah "Jerry" Mateparae, GNZM, QSO, Governor-General of New Zealand, gave the following address at
Justice of the High Court, Joseph Victor Williams (Ngati Pukenga and Te Arawa (Waitaha, Tapuika)), gave the following address at
Haka Practice (27 April 2014) by Tania Lewis-Rickard.
In preparation for the 150th commemoration of the Battle of Gate Pā (29 April 2014), a haka practice of approximately
A Storify of the various ways, expressions and media of the 2014 commemorations.
Huri Paraha interviewing Kaumatua Peri Kohu. Filmed By Franz-Oliver. Edited By Huri Paraha AKA The Man.
Gate Pā Domain (26 April 2014).
A snapshot of activities at the Gate Pā Domain on 26 April 2014, three days prior to the 150th commemorations.
Tauranga Domain Artillery Barrage (26 April 2014).
Tauranga Domain was transformed into a battle ground with two six-pounder Armstrong field guns, five 12-pounder Coehorn mortars, muskets and
S22: There is Peace by Breana Ahern.
S22: There is Peace by Breana Ahern from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the
S34: Untitled by Tina/Jiyun Jeong.
S34: Untitled by Tina/Jiyun Jeong from Tauranga Girls'College was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of Gate
S21: Pukehinahina Cross by Zehle Bannister.
S21: Pukehinahina Cross by Zehle Bannister from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles
S35: Battle of Gate Pa by Georgi Jouner.
S35: Battle of Gate Pa by Georgi Jouner from Tauranga Girls' College was an entrant in the schools division of
S20: Commemorate, Understand, Honour by Zoe Winters.
S20: Commemorate, Understand, Honour by Zoe Winters from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the
S36: Untitled by Akanksha Sharma.
S36: Untitled by Akanksha Sharma from Tauranga Girls' College was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of
S19: Missionary House by Hayley Ellison.
S19: Missionary House by Hayley Ellison from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles
S37: War is a Stream of Blood by Madison Randall.
S37: War is a Stream of Blood by Madison Randall from Tauranga Girls' College was an entrant in the schools
S32: Gate Pa by April Annas & Toby Hayward.
S32: Gate Pa by April Annas & Toby Hayward from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools division of
S18: Mana by C. J. Lovett.
S18: Mana by C. J. Lovett from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles
S39: Memorial by Astyn Smart.
S39: Memorial by Astyn Smart from Greenpark School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of Gate
S31: Untitled by Sophie Finn & Joshua Morgan.
S31: Untitled by Sophie Finn & Joshua Morgan from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools division of the
S17: The Dark Times by Zoe Tocker.
S17: The Dark Times by Zoe Tocker from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the
S41: Photo Relief by Mahnoor Qadri.
S41: Photo Relief by Mahnoor Qadri from Greenpark School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of
S16: Hiding in the Bushes by Youri Lim.
S16: Hiding in the Bushes by Youri Lim from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of
S40: Te Maori by Nia Pearce.
S40: Te Maori by Nia Pearce from Greenpark School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of
S30: Make Art Not War by Myah Hawkins & Joe Daffron.
S30: Make Art Not War by Myah Hawkins & Joe Daffron from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools
S15: Keep Watch by Ella Watereus.
S15: Keep Watch by Ella Watereus from Tauranga Intermediate was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of
S42: The British by Holly Ramsden.
S42: The British by Holly Ramsden from Greenpark School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of
S29: Whakapiri by Keilani Worthen & Ethan Couper.
S29: Whakapiri by Keilani Worthen & Ethan Couper from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools division of the
S14: Shadows by Rebecca Kneale.
S14: Shadows by Rebecca Kneale from Tauranga Intermediate was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of Gate
S43: Exploding into New Life (Cannonball Sculpture) by Daniel Stratton & Ty Whitley.
S43: Exploding into New Life (Cannonball Sculpture) by Daniel Stratton & Ty Whitley from Greenpark School was an entrant in
S28: NZ by Charlotte Daffron & Rachael Ace.
NZ by Charlotte Daffron & Rachael Ace from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles
S13: Matatuhi by Tanaya Leef.
S13: Matatuhi by Tanaya Leef from Tauranga Intermediate was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of Gate
S44: Roimata (Teardrop Sculpture) by Nia Pierce, Holly Ramsden & Georgie Pendred.
S44: Roimata (Teardrop Sculpture) by Nia Pierce, Holly Ramsden & Georgie Pendred from Greenpark School was an entrant in the
S27: Gate by Hamish Gleeson & Nathan Stroud.
S27: Gate by Hamish Gleeson & Nathan Stroud from Tauranga Girls' College was an entrant in the schools division of
S12: Rain Falls by Rebecca Kneale.
S12: Rain Falls by Rebecca Kneale from Tauranga Intermediate was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of
S45: Whakakotahi ma inu wai (Unity with drinking water) by Tayla Turner-Paki.
S45: Whakakotahi ma inu wai (Unity with drinking water) by Tayla Turner-Paki from Tauranga Girls' College was an entrant in
S26: He Tangata by Aston Martin & Hannah Rose.
S26: He Tangata by Aston Martin & Hannah Rose from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools division of
S11: Jane Foley by Abbey Mitchell.
S11: Jane Foley by Abbey Mitchell from Tauranga Intermediate was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles of
S46: Te Wairua Whakapiripiri (The Spirit of Peace) by Shalom Rickard.
S46: Te Wairua Whakapiripiri (The Spirit of Peace) by Shalom Rickard from Tauranga Girls' College was an entrant in the
S25: Untitled by Jessica James & Max Powdrill.
S25: Untitled by Jessica James & Max Powdrill from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools division of the
S10: Hōri Ngātai by Zach Ririnui.
S10: Hōri Ngātai by Zach Ririnui from Tauranga Intermediate was winner of the Intermediate Division in the Battles of Gate
S47: The Tiki by Paris Patete-King.
S47: The Tiki (This is my land, land of my ancestors, forever and ever) by Paris Patete-King from Tauranga Girls'
Gate Pā Memorial Plaque Restoration (before) .
As part of the 150th commemoration of the Battle of Gate Pā (29 April 1864) the bronze plaque on the
S24: Haumi by Arohaina Worthen & Caleb Jenkins.
S24: Haumi by Arohaina Worthen & Caleb Jenkins from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools division of the
S9: Spot the Error 1864 by Sian McIlroy.
S9: Spot the Error 1864 by Sian McIlroy from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of
S2: Escape by Night by Sophie McCauley.
S2: Escape by Night by Sophie McCauley from Otumoetai College was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles
S8: Missionary House by Kiri-Lee Ririnui.
S8: Missionary House by Kiri-Lee Ririnui from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles
S38: Ma tini ma mano ka rapa te whai by Kate Harris & Ana Morris  by Kate Harris & Ana Morris.
S38: Ma tini ma mano ka rapa te whai (By many, by thousands, the work will be accomplished. Many hands
S7: Battle of Gate Pa by Chris Bae.
S7: Battle of Gate Pa by Chris Bae from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of
S23: Untitled by Winchester Howard & Katrina Opie.
S23: Untitled by Winchester Howard & Katrina Opie from Tauriko School was an entrant in the schools division of the
S6: 1864 Battle of Gate Pa by Corban Tanoa.
S6: 1864 Battle of Gate Pa by Corban Tanoa from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division
S5: War 1864 by Cullen McGarva.
S5: War 1864 by Cullen McGarva from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the Battles
S1: Aftermath by Maia McCauley.
S1: Aftermath by Maia McCauley from Tauranga Waldorf School was second place winner in the Intermediate Division of the Battles
S4: Battle of Gate Pa 1864 by Luke Matthews.
S4: Battle of Gate Pa 1864 by Luke Matthews from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division
Gate Pā Pou (24 April 2014).
On 24 April 2014 eight carved pou were erected on the historic Gate Pā Domain in preparation for the 150th
NZ STRING QUARTET PLAYS BAREFOOT.
Musical renditions of Mozart, Beethoven, Strauss and ‘Pokarekare Ana' flowed from a barefoot New Zealand String Quartet in Tauranga on
S3: The Battle Begins by Beth Parsons .
S3: The Battle Begins by Beth Parsons from Tauranga Intermediate School was an entrant in the schools division of the
Armstrong Gun by Finley.
In April 2014 Mount Maunganui Primary School classes attended Battle of Gate Pa themed visits at Tauranga City Library. The
A20: Atawhai by Sophie Evans.
A20: Atawhai by Sophie Evans is a sculpture/ceramic entry into the adults division of the Battles of Gate Pā/Te Ranga
A19: Remember the battle, do no more by Tania Lewis-Rickard.
A19: Remember the battle, do no more by Tania Lewis-Rickard is a mixed media painting entered into the adults division
A18: Pekerangi by Tawhai Rickard.
A18: Pekerangi by Tawhai Rickard is a rimu and acrylic ink wall hanging that won the adults division of the
A17: Fallen Warrior by Wendy Pedersen.
A17: Fallen Warrior by Wendy Pedersen is an ink and graphite on kopatapata ma harakeke paper entered into the adults
A16: Papa and the Bluecoat by Sian Northfield.
A16: Papa and the Bluecoat by Sian Northfield are two ceramic vessels entered into the adults division of the Battles
A15: Pukehinahina & Te Ranga by Desirée Osterman.
A15: Pukehinahina & Te Ranga by Desirée Osterman is a diptych, horizontal, encaustic on board entered into the adults division
A14: Sky Ride by Rachel Fitzgerald.
A14: Sky Ride by Rachel Fitzgerald is a mixed media on paper entry into the adults division of the Battles
A13: Mana Tu, Mana Toa, Mana Ake Ake by Iata Peautolu.
A13: Mana Tu, Mana Toa, Mana Ake Ake by Iata Peautolu is an entrant into the adults division of the
A12: Pukehinahina Iwi Memorial Cross by Ken Wright.
A12: Pukehinahina Iwi Memorial Cross by Ken Wright is a multi layered canvas entered into the adults division of the
A2: Te Ranga/Ohauiti by Peter Hodge.
A2: Te Ranga/Ohauiti by Peter Hodge is a white relief entered into the adults division of the Battles of Gate
A11: Gate Pa Memorial by Ashley Grant.
A11: Gate Pa Memorial by Ashley Grant is a sculptural panel on easel entered into the adults division of the