Battles of Gate Pā and Te Ranga Tour Brochure (2014)

As part of the 2014 commemoration of the Battles of Gate Pā and Te Ranga a walking and driving tour of important historical sites was created in brochure format and made available here for download.

Filename: Gate_Pa_tour_brochure_1_April.pdf ( download )

Size: 1.3 MB

Document type: application/pdf ( )

Heritage Sites Self-Guided Tour 
Tauranga in the 21st century looks peaceful 
For more information:
The 
and prosperous. But in the 1860s it was at the 
Tauranga City Libraries-
centre of conflict. Early in 1864 troops were sent  
BATTLES 
tauranga.kete.net.nz/en/battle_of_gate_pa_1864
from Auckland to the Tauranga district to stop the 
of 
www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/war-in-tauranga
flow of warriors and supplies going into the 
Waikato in support of the Kingite Māori. As a 
GATE PĀ &
consequence fierce fighting occurred, with Imperial 
Published (2014) by:
Produced with the finanial 
support of several 
soldiers, the Naval Brigade, and the militia on one 
organisations & individuals 
TE RANGA
side, and Māori warriors on the other. 
including:
Two of the most significant 
battles of the New Zealand 
wars were fought around 
Tauranga, at Gate Pā and 
Te Ranga.
 
Their aftermath – land confiscation and 
dispossession – still resonates today. 
Take a tour to see where it all really happened...
Troops on horseback in front of the 
The redoubt built on the 
Gate Pā military redoubt, late 1864.
Gate Pā site, late 1864.
Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, NZ.
Tauranga Library collection


3  Surrender of arms
5  Monmouth Redoubt / 
WALKING TOUR
The main surrender of arms took place on 26 July 
  Taumatakahawai Pā 
1864 on the lawn outside the house occupied by 
Soldiers of the 43rd Monmouth Light Infantry 
Colonel Greer, at what is now the intersection of 
refortified an old pā site, Taumatakahawai, 
Harington and Durham Streets. In the presence of 
1  The Elms / 
which looked eastward over Tauranga Harbour. 
military officers, missionaries and government 
  Te Papa Mission Station
This redoubt was later a place of refuge for 
officials, 156 Māori warriors handed over muskets, 
women and children when attacks by Māori 
On 28 April 1864, the eve of the Battle of Gate Pā, 
rifles, taiaha and mere.
were feared in the mid 1860s. 
all the officers not on duty dined with Archdeacon 
Dive Cres
Alfred Brown and his wife Christina, around the 
6
5
Cliff Rd
The Strand
oval table still in the dining room of the mission 
M
B
M
M
4
r
H
W
6  Mission Cemetery /
i
a
D
s
o
o
c
ev
s
w
n
L
r
a
h
onp
house. After the meal Brown administered Holy 
i
o
m
rt
i
n
m
e
n
a
 Rd
o
a
g
  Otamataha Pā 
n
i
r
 S
o
n
t
l
f
Communion, then everyone joined in singing the 
 
t
 
E
S
u
t
 
o
o
S
l
t
t
S
n
n
t
i
h
z
 
t
 
 
a
hymn Abide with Me, accompanied by Mrs Brown 
All the soldiers and sailors who died at the 
S
S
S
3
b
t
t
t
e
Durham St
th
on the small piano.
 
Battles of Gate Pā and Te Ranga were buried in 
St
2
Ca
the cemetery established by the missionaries in 
mero
The next day all their guests were killed, except 
n
The Domain
 Rd
1838. It is also the resting place of many Māori 
for Dr William Manley, who received a Victoria 
warriors who fell in battle or died in the military 
Cross for his bravery during the battle.
hospital. For many years the cemetery was 
referred to as the Military Cemetery. 
2  Durham Redoubt
There are monuments to the Naval Brigade, the 
4  Camp Te Papa
43rd Monmouth Regiment, and a mass Māori 
Built on high land by the 68th Durham Light 
grave. Rāwiri Puhirake, leader of the iwi at Gate 
Infantry to guard against invasion from the west, 
The peninsula on which the town of Tauranga was 
Pā, who was killed at Te Ranga, was exhumed 
the Durham Redoubt was flattened in the 1870s 
established was originally known as Te Papa, and 
and reinterred here in 1870. Hōri Ngātai, whose 
to raise the level of Hamilton Street. The southern 
so the military camp was referred to as Camp Te 
account of Gate Pā appears in Mair’s The Story of 
part of the Tauranga Domain was used as a 
Papa. The area stretching from Beach Road (now 
Gate Pā, was buried here when he died in 1912.
parade ground by the 68th.
The Strand) below the Monmouth Redoubt west as 
far as Cameron Road, and from Brown Street to 
about Hamilton Street is still known as The Camp 
Te Papa Cemetery, 1860s.
by older residents. Barracks and tents for the 
troops were set up in this area.
Robley sketch of military camp, c.1865.
 Tauranga Library collection
Photo
Durham Light Infantry, c.1864.
Tauranga Library collection
Tauranga Library collection


Tauranga Harbour, 23 April 1864. Tauranga Library collection
View harbour from 
1  Port of Tauranga
Dive Crescent
A blockade of the port of Tauranga 
DRIVING TOUR
was imposed on 2 April 1864, to stop reinforcements 
and supplies going to the Kingite Māori in the Waikato. 
Corner Church St  
4  St George’s Church
7  Poteriwhi Pā
Vicinity of 20th Ave 
& Cameron Rd
2  Pukereia (Green Hill)
and Cameron Rd 
The first St George’s church was 
At this pā on the lower Wairoa 
The Royal Artillery and the Naval 
built in 1900 as a memorial to the battle. The church 
River, Hēnare Taratoa and other 
Brigade set up heavy artillery in four separate 
was extensively damaged by fire in 1982, and virtu-
chiefs drew up the Code of 
positions to the north of Gate Pā. The range varied 
ally destroyed by fire in 1992. The present church 
Conduct, in which Māori promised 
from 800 to 350 yards. From these positions a 
dates from 1993. There is a stained glass window 
to treat their enemies well. The 
bombardment of the fortifications was kept up until 
Mauao
commemorating water being given to the dying 
Christian ideals embodied in the 
late afternoon on 29 April. General Duncan Cameron 
Colonel Booth by Heni Te Kirikaramu (Jane Foley). 
document, and the honourable way 
had his base at the Headquarters camp, close to the 
Three tukutuku panels also relate to the battle.
in which Māori behaved to the 
Hēnare Taratoa
main artillery position on Pukereia.
fallen soldiers, are part of the 
Painting by Horatio Robley,  
Adams Collection, Tauranga 
legend of Gate Pā Pukehinahina.
Heritage Collection
Corner Cameron Rd 
4 kilometres
Pyes Pa Road
3  Gate Pā Battle Site
After the Battle of Gate Pā on 29 
5  Te Ranga Battle Site
and Church St
Tauranga Harbour
At the time of 
April 1864 Māori retreated to 
The main fortifications, designed                               
A sign on Pyes Pa Road (to Rotorua), about 2.5 km  
writing this site is 
Poteriwhi, although imperial troops  
and built by Pene Taka Tuaia, were located on high 
from the Barkes Corner roundabout, marks the 
not accessible or 
8
found it deserted several days 
land to the east of the track to the Kaimai Range, now 
entrance to the battle site. Major site enhancement 
clearly visible to 
later. The palisades were 
known as Cameron Road. The pā was just outside the 
Ngatai R
works are planned over the next five years. 
the public but its 
d
dismantled and burnt, and the 
gate in the fence which enclosed land purchased by the 
d
general location is 
On the morning of 21 June 1864 soldiers on patrol 
original pā modified into a redoubt. 
Church Missionary Society in 1839. It was therefore 
Otumoetai
shown on the map.
from the 68th Durham Light Infantry encountered 
The site is now on private land.
known as ‘The Gate Pā’. The hill was called 
oetai R
several hundred Māori fortifying a position south of 
Pukehinahina, and this name is also used to refer to 
Dive Cr
Gate Pā. Reinforcements were called for and an 
the battle. Soon after the battle the 68th regiment 
t
um
O

Tauranga
CBD
engagement took place at Te Ranga. Although Māori 
29 Levers Road
converted the pā into a redoubt. In 1877, the remains 
8  Otumoetai Pā
Bethlehem
fought bravely, the result was a victory for the British 
of the trenches were filled in by Greerton residents - 
6
troops. Among the Māori dead were Rawiri Puhirake 
Before the wars of 1864 this pā was densely 
obliterating all sign of its former use. The site is now a 
SH2
W
who led the defence at Gate Pā and Henare Taratoa, 
populated. Otumoetai Pā was an economic, political 
a
historic reserve with interpretation panels and waharoa 
ihi Ro
said to be the main author of the Code of Conduct.
and religious centre between 1836 and 1865. As it 
(gateway).
7
ad
eron Rd
was situated in the land confiscated by the 
Cam
The Māori defeat at Te Ranga was followed by the 
A smaller pā was built to the west of the track and 
r e
government, the people who lived there were forced 
confiscation of 50,000 acres of their land in the 
v
joined to the main fortification by a trench. This site 
i
2
to leave their ancestral home. 
Western Bay of Plenty as punishment for rebellion.
 
R

was also completely flattened, and is now a recreation 
3
This site is now a historic reserve.
reserve with bowling greens and tennis courts.
4
airoa
W
47 Judea Rd
6  Judea Redoubt
Earthworks and fence of the Gate Pā. 30 April 1864.
Awaiting the order to advance for the Battle of Gate Pā. 
After the Gate Pā battle steps were taken to 
Tauranga Library collection
Taken at sunrise on 29 April 1864. General Duncan 
eron Rd
safeguard routes around Tauranga. Judea Redoubt 
Cameron is leaning on the wheel of the gun carriage 
was built to guard the western end of the ford 
Cam
SH29
(fifth from right). 
across Waikareao Estuary complementing Durham 
d
Redoubt at the eastern end. 
 
RaP

Judea Redoubt, January 1865.  National Library of Austarlia
Pyes 
5
Tauranga Library collection


Discuss This Topic

There are 0 comments in this discussion.

join this discussion